The recorded history of Amaravati and nearby Dharanikota dates Back to 2 century B.C. It was the capital of sathavahanas who ruled from 2nd century to 3rd century. Next came Andhra Ikshvakas and latter pallavas, East Chalukyas, Telugu Chola. Kota kings ruled Amaravathi in medivial times..Kakatiyas subdued Kota kings in 11th century and Amaravathi became part of uniufied Telugu empire,
Before going into the hands of British ruled Madras presidencyin1768 it was part of Delhi Sultanate, Munsunuri nayaks, Bahamani sultanate, Vijayanagra Empire , Golconda sultanate, Mughul Empire, Nizam of Hyderabad.After being under the rule France it came back to England in1759. Guntur returned to Nizam in1768 and conceded to England in 1788 i.e., British Empire.
The presence of Amara Ramam Shiva temple is one of the panchramas.
The main Hindu festivals celebrated are Mahasivaratri and the Navaratri.
When Lord Subrahmanya Killed Tarakasura , Shivalinga in the throat was broken and it has fallen at 5 places, the Five places where shivalinga has fallen is called Pancharamas. One of the Places is Amaravathi. Here devotees worship Lord Shiva as Amareswara. The Skanda Purana gives description about place of this temple and amareswara... Indra and Devatas (Angles) worshiped lord shiva here.
It has been Buddhist center. A very big statue of Gautam Buddha. Boudh Stupa, Buddhist Museum.
The 30th Kalachakra festival, a popular Buddhist ritual was held at Amaravati in the first week of January 2006 for which Buddhists and Boudh Monks from all over the world attended.